Does your story fail the Bechdel Test?

banner does your story fail the bechdel test.  two women talking over coffee

What the heck is the Bechdel Test? 

For those who don’t know, the Bechdel Test (also known as the Bechdel–Wallace test) was popularised by American cartoonist Alison Bechdel.

It first appeared in Bechdel’s comic “Dykes to Watch out for”.

The strip in question was titled The Rule.  To pass the Bechdel tests, a work of fiction must have:

a) at least 2 women (preferably named)

b) who talk to each other

c) about something other than a man

While the Bechdel test is used to rate movies, it can be used when studying other forms for fiction too.  Such as novels!

Surely we don’t need the Bechdel Test? Fiction is full of strong, well-rounded female characters.

Can I be honest with you? I didn’t really give it much thought when I originally heard of this test years ago.  Convinced that there really must only be a few pieces of fiction that wouldn’t pass.

Until I started watching movies and reading books with that test in my mind.  It was pretty shocking to see how often women in fiction were badly represented.

Let’s take a general example in fantasy fiction: We all know the adventure quest concepts, usually featuring a group of differently-skilled men and… one woman.  Probably to be used as a love interest to the hero character.

Or what about all those sitcoms?  Where the women characters regale each other with bad relationship stories or secret crushes.

What happens is you can end up with a lot of male-dependent female characters, needing to be rescued, needing to “see past his faults” and fall in love.  Needing to be his emotional support.

These women end up lacking in real character development.

Not all fiction is like that…surely?

Nope, there are some great works of fiction where the women characters are given full personalities, plot arcs and conflicts that have nothing to do with the men of the story.  But sadly they are not as many as you think.

Do I really need to think about the Bechdel Test?

Of course not!  Your novel, your story…they are yours and you can do whatever the hell you want with them.

But if your novel is aimed at a broader audience that includes women, then you might want to at least consider it.  It should not be used as a be-all and end-all scale for which to create your female characters. Jeez, don’t do that! 

Even the Bechdel test has it’s flaws and some works of fiction that technically pass it, are still not doing any favourites to female characters.

Instead use it as a loose guide, as something that makes you look critically at the female characters you create to make sure they are not just a prop-up for the male character.

My MC is female, so I don’t have a problem

Err… sorry to burst your bubble there, but just because you’re a woman doesn’t mean you aren’t guilty of doing a disservice to your lady characters.

Yes, even female writers who write female MCs are guilty of dulling down their characters to being heavily focused on their relationship to a male character.

Ari, have you been guilty of this?

Oh yes.  I’ve looked back over older stories and seen I was pretty guilty of having female characters that never spoke to each other.  Eeessssh, looking back at these stories to see that I did that was a bit cringey.

Society has done a great job of shaping our thoughts on women and even women like me have fallen for it. (hangs head in shame)

I have written female characters that are submissive, male-dependent, shallow…to name a few of their shitty characteristics (don’t get me wrong, there are some ladies out there who fit that bill… but then there are some men who fit that too!)

And before I get pounced on, writing a character like that on purpose with a strong backstory to explain or with a plot that will turn this submissive, weak and indecisive woman into something better – is fine.

What is NOT fine is just blindly stereotyping your female characters without thought.  So don’t just crow-bar in some woman to be a sexual/spiritual/emotional lean-to for a male character.

You might also be interested in: And with that in mind, here’s some links to earlier blogs about Avoiding Stereotypes:

Avoiding Female Stereotypes

Avoiding Male Stereotypes

Final thought

The Bechdel test isn’t perfect.  However it is a good start point to make us think differently about how we portray our characters.

Not just women, but men too, people of different ethnic groups, people with disabilities, people with mental health issues, people with different sexual orientations etc.

A book can be a tapestry of character lives’ interwoven.  Try and do them all justice, M’kay?

~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~ ☆ ~

Hope you enjoyed this blog post.  If so, I hope you stick around by following this blog (I do love the follows!) and reach out, people.  Drop me some comments!  I wanna know what you’re thinking.

Feeling shy? Don’t know what to say? Here’s an ice-breaker question for you to answer in a comment: if you were escaping from zombies and could pick any (normal) vehicle you might find on a road (no combine-harvesters people!).  What vehicle would you pick to flee the horde?

Happy writing


About Ari Meghlen Blurb


18 thoughts on “Does your story fail the Bechdel Test?

  1. My books are for kids, 8 to 12. My main character is female and she has a female BFF and they talk to each other, a lot. Seldom about men, or in their case, boys. So I guess my books have passed the test. Whew! I like to think Amanda is a good role model for young girls.

  2. Okay, I’m going to be in trouble here.

    I’ve become tired of all the emphasis on “kick@ss, they can beat any man they ever come in contact with, are smarter than any man they ever come in contact with, they never need any help from anybody” female characters. When I read book descriptions I sure seem to see a lot more of them then the weak, dependant, needing to be saved types, and that is often a reason for me to not read a book. Not that I want the doormat females either, but I’m just plain weary of the pushy, bad@ss types of characters. I’ve read many writers who actually have their female lead characters say to themselves (in their thoughts or even aloud), “I have to do this by (for) myself!” – – – often more than once in the story! It has become trite and cliché, but they do it because so many writing advice articles tell them to make sure they make it clear that their female characters always go it alone, depending only on themselves.

    I think it is much truer that we all need each other. Everyone needs help sometimes and we usually grow just as strong from giving and getting help as we do from doing everything for ourselves. I really like stories where characters mix the two approaches. For me it makes them much more real and believable.

    I think our culture is getting just as guilty of pushing this new stereotype of females as it was pushing the old one. Both extremes are just that, extremes, with the vast majority of women living their lives somewhere on a spectrum between the two.

    [looking around to see if any mushy veggies are flying towards me]

    • lol I can understand that. Though I think it’s a typical expression from always having been (and still in a lot of media now) that the female characters are either a) weak b) constantly being saved c) a one-dimensional prop for a male character.

      I don’t think there is anything wrong with a strong female character, however what you’ve described which as you saying is starting to creep in – fails on a different level because it then becomes a “Mary Sue” character.

      The Bechdel Test is a good start point to move female characters away from being props. It allows writers to make sure they are thinking carefully when creating a character.

      They don’t have to be kickass at all, just be well-rounded characters that are not there as prizes or romantic plot points only.

      As you say, all extremes are just as bad. We need well created, deeper characters that are just verging on the edges of the spectrum. 🙂

      lol there will be no throwing on mushy veggies on my blog! 🙂

  3. Never heard of this test, but it’s a great one. I’m probably a couple of decades older than you are, and no doubt much more disgusted with the “prop up the man” dynamic.

    I became aware of it quite early in life because my first career was acting/directing. It was in my face in a personal way during those years, competing for a limited number of female roles at all, then struggling to add some human-being depth to characters who might as well have been ghosts. Add in the the over-focus on female characters under 30, regardless of the age of the men in the work, and its easy to see why I use the term disgusted.

    I was appalled when I noticed that many female writers and directors contributed to the problem. It not only does society a disservice, it is as guilty as the fashion industry of the self-esteem problems we see in so many girls today.

    For a long time now I have voted with my wallet and my time. I do not attend “guy” films or watch television shows in that genre AT ALL, and do my best to avoid similar books and any that don’t seem like they have interesting, well-developed female characters when I read the blurb.

    From my vantage point, I’d add a few codicils to avoid character cliches:
    a – any women in the work primarily for the sake of “relationship” don’t count when you tally your two (somebody’s mother, wife, or secretary),
    b – nor do the age and interest inappropriate (i.e., enough with the young love interests for male characters over 40, and older woman who do little more than retire to the kitchen to bake or rocking chair to knit).

    Loved this post!
    (Madelyn Griffith-Haynie – ADDandSoMuchMORE dot com)
    ADD/EFD Coach Training Field founder; ADD Coaching co-founder
    “It takes a village to transform a world!

    • Hi Madelyn, thanks so much for the comment. I am happy you liked the post 🙂

      What you said about the age issue especially strikes a cord. I see that in so many places. Apparently EVERYONE female is under 30. I’ve even seen Grandmothers in movies who looked under 30, stood beside their very obviously older husband.

      This test is one of those things that stays with you, makes you start to look at movies, books, plays etc differently and (hopefully) at our own works.

      Society plays its part and we can often get swept up in the so-called “norm” until we aren’t even aware we have done it.

      Hopefully this post will help people just think a little more critically when it comes to their own work as well as those made by others. 🙂

    • Thanks for the comment. It is just to get people thinking about their characters and can be a good guide but not definitive. If we talk the movie Gravity, Sandra Bullocks character does not speak to another woman and yet her character is well-developed and isn’t there to prop up a male character or be a romance plot twist.

      So even those that technically fail the Bechdel test can still be good. This test can just help people to think more critically. 🙂

  4. Great post! I’ve known about the Bechdel Test for years and do try to keep it in mind when writing my fiction. I’m currently working on my first novel and both main characters are female, so at least this one will definitely pass!

    • Thanks for the comment. That’s definitely a good way to be. Keeping it in your mind while writing. I think it can be a good starting guide. 🙂

      Good luck with your first novel. Would you be interested in doing a guest post on this blog? I still have some slots for this year and I am always looking for writers (published and unpublished) who might be interested.

      If so, please read this post that covers all the details. I would just need to know your topic (or if you want an interview) and then which available deadline you want:

  5. I hadn’t heard of the Bechdel-Wallace test. I have a feeling it’ll be nagging at me often. (I still can’t wrap my head around a Senator calling his female peers “eye candy”. There is something very wrong in this world.)

    • O.o “eye candy” eww that’s just so wrong.

      lol Yeah, the Bechdel-Wallace test does linger once you learn about it. You will never see movies, plays, books, comics etc the same way. 🙂

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